Also known as degenerative joint disease or “wear and tear” arthritis, osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common chronic condition of the joints. It occurs when the cartilage or cushion between joints breaks down leading to pain, stiffness and swelling, pain.
The most common symptoms of osteoarthritis are stiffness, particularly first thing in the morning or after resting, and pain. Affected joints may get swollen after extended activity.
Osteoarthritis has no specific cause. Several factors lead to the development of OA including excess weight, injury or overuse and genes, among others.
The diagnosis of osteoarthritis includes a medical history and a physical examination. These may be followed by laboratory tests, X-rays, and a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan.
OA treatment options include acupuncture, weight management, physical activity, and Chinese medications